A selection of recent publications from our members
A broad-ranging account of international humanitarian programs in Central and Eastern Europe ithe Balkans and the Near East from 1918 to 1930. Davide Rodogno shows that international ‘relief’ and ‘development’ were intertwined long before the birth of the United Nations. Influenced by colonial motivations and ideologies these humanitarians attempted to reshape entire communities and nations through reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes. Davide considers the activities of a range of secular and religious organisations and philanthropic foundations in the US and Europe including the American Relief Administration, the American Red Cross, the Quakers, Near East Relief and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Ozan Ozavci offers the first genealogical analysis of western interventionism in the Levant whilst freeing the Eastern Question from the monopoly of Great Power politics and foregrounding the experience of Levantine actors.
More by Ozan Ozavci
Ozan Ozavci’s chapter on Russian writer Vladimir Jabotinksy discusses the tensions between antisemitisim and ‘other liberalisms’ within non-Western contexts.
James Ryan‘s article examines a series of trials of ultranationalist and leftist intellectuals that changed the political and intellectual landscape within Turkey at the onset of the Cold War.
More by James Ryan
Dedicated to ‘all Syrians’, Elizabeth F. Thompson’s account of the Syrian-Arab Congress draws upon an array of untapped primary sources and offers a groundbreaking account of brief unity – and of its destruction.
More by Elizabeth Thompson
Thompson argues that the racism that recently became the target of protest across the globe is rooted in the tragic choices of leaders, made a century ago.
In this article, Sam Hirst analyzes early Soviet diplomacy in Afghanistan (1921-1923) and argues that the early 1920s were a formative moment in which the Bolsheviks’ interactions with states like Afghanistan, Iran, and Turkey shaped ideas about economic development and imperialism that would influence Soviet engagements with the Third World.
Leonard Smith‘s article is an extrapolation from his book Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). This article explores how the lack of consensus over the location of sovereignty in the League of Nations Mandate created an absence at the centre of the mandate system, an absence which the politics of the interwar period would have to fill.
Dimitris Kamouzis provides a thorough historical analysis of Greek elite nationalism in Istanbul during and in the aftermath of the Greek-Turkish War (1919-1922) and critically assesses the application of the minority clauses of the Treaty of Lausanne in Turkey after 1923.
Forthcoming from Dimitris Kamouzis
They Shall Not Perish! The Greek Refugee Crisis of 1922 and International Humanitarian Organizations
The aim of this book is to highlight a significant aspect of the post-1922 relief and settlement history of the Asia Minor Greeks, namely the aid of western humanitarian organizations – especially the American Red Cross, the Near East Relief Committee and the British Save the Children Fund .
Known in subsequent generations as heroes of Albanian nationalism, the Ottoman-Southern Albanian (Tosk) activists studied here by Isa Blumi demonstrate how a self-selective constituency challenged the Ottoman government to adapt to a changing world.
More by Isa Blumi
Imperial Equivocations: Britain’s Temperamental Mobilization of the Caliphate, 1912-1924,” Rivista italiana di storia internazionale, vol. IV, no. 1 (forthcoming)
Haakon Ikonomou‘s contributing chapter to this edited volume focused on the Ottoman Greek international civil servant Thanassis Aghnides, who ended up playing an important behind-the-scenes role in facilitating and monitoring the forced Greco-Turkish population exchange. The chapter emphasizes how a biographical perspective can be used to investigate how bureaucrats were recruited and worked within International Organizations.
Lerna Ekmekçioğlu offers the first in-depth study of the aftermath of the 1915 Armenian Genocide and the Armenians who remained in Turkey. First published in 2016, the Turkish translation is now available.
Sarah Shields argues in this article that the forced migration has its roots in the centuries-long legacy of European fantasies about the brutality of ‘the Turk’, while at the same time satisfying the contemporary desire of an emerging Turkish-nationalist elite, which seized on the ‘exchange’ as a way to consolidate its new state and legislate a foundational Turkish identity.
Forthcoming from Sarah Shields
“Flags and Blood: European Jews, Refugee Restrictions, and Rioting in 1929 Palestine,” conference volume, Brill, 2021.
“The Vatican and the 1929 Riots in Palestine,” Archivum Ottomanicum.
Jonathan Conlin‘s definitive biography of an Ottoman-Armenian amira, diplomat and oil magnate (1869-1955) who created the Turkish (later Iraq) Petroleum Company won the 2020 BAC Wadsworth Prize, and has been translated into five languages.
More by Jonathan Conlin
Jonathan Conlin’s 2022 research article in the International History Review torpedoed the familiar myth that charitable donations to the Donanma Cemiyeti (Ottoman Navy League) paid for the two dreadnoughts whose “theft” by Winston Churchill in July 1914 allegedly led the Ottoman Empire to join WW1 on the Axis side.
Co-authored with Filiz Yazicioglu, Jonathan Conlin’s 2022 contribution to IJMES was the first to appear in that journal’s “Foundational Texts” series. It provided an English translation of a 1911 appeal to “the Muslims of the World” produced by students attending Edinburgh University, as well as commentary discussing the appeal’s ideological context.
This book considers the first attempt to intervene on behalf of the victims of the massacres and to prosecute those responsible for ‘crimes against humanity’ using newly uncovered archival material. In looking at the British response to the events in Anatolia, Michelle Tusan provides a new perspective on the genocide and sheds light on one of the first ever international humanitarian campaigns.
Leila Koochakzadeh‘s chapter (in Amélie Balayre, Claire Le Bras, Marie-Cécile Pineau et Nathan Rousselot’s Le diplomate en représentation (XVIe-XXe siècle) ) looks at one of the aspects of the materiality of diplomatic representation, through the case of the villa Daneshgāh, the personal residence of the the representative of Iran at the League of Nations Arfa’ ol-Dowleh.
Forthcoming from Leila Koochakzadeh
Towards a cultural history of Iranian diplomacy and foreign policy making from the Safavids to the Islamic Republic
Due to be published as a thematic issue of The International History Review, Leila’s joint project with Oliver Bast contributes towards the cultural history of diplomacy of Modern Iran.
Edited by T. G. Fraser this volume considers topics ranging from the war’s effects on women, the experience of the Kurds, sectarianism, the evolution of Islamism, and the importance of prominent intellectuals like Ziya Gökalp and Michel ‘Aflaq.
Edited by Alan Sharp, this 32-volume biographical series addresses all of the players at the Paris Peace Conference, from Georges Clemenceau (France) and Woodrow Wilson (USA) to Wellington Koo (China) and Epitácio Pessoa (Brazil).